|Ancient name||Dioskouridou (Greek), ḏ-S³krd (South-Arabian)|
|Kingdom||Mahrah sultan (1511)|
|Coordinates||Latitude: 12° 30' 00" Longitude: 53° 45' 00"|
|Type of site||Other|
|Language||Brāhmī, South-Arabian, Ethiopic, Greek, Palmyrene, Syriac|
|Location and toponomy||Archaeological objects, inscriptions and drawings were found by speleologists in the Ḥoq cave, north-east of the island.|
|General description||Part of Yemen, Soqoṭra is a small island of an archipelago (4 islands) in the Indian Ocean. It lies some 240 km east of the Horn of Africa.|
A third of its vegetation is composed of endemic species: the most striking is the Dracaena cinnabari tree ("dragon's blood").
The island measures 132 km in lenght and 50 km in width.
|Chronology||Lower Palaeolithic: Oldowan culture (Hadibo area).|
The local tradition holds that the inhabitants were converted to Christianity by Thomas the Apostle.
Archaeological finds from 1st-6th centuries AD.
A Christian Syriac Nestorian church is attested in the 10th century.
|Classical sources||Periplus of the Erythraen Sea.|
|Identification||Strauch, Robin, Gorea, Bukharin (see Robin and Gorea 2002; Dridi 2002, Strauch 2012).|
|Travellers||1506-1507: Tristão da Cunha and Alfonso de Albuquerque|
1737: Captain de la Garde-Jazier.
|Archaeological missions||2001: Belgian Socotra Karst Project|
|south-west of Hoq Cave (Unknown)|
|Strauch and Bukharin 2004||Strauch, Ingo and Bukharin, Michael D. 2004. Indian inscriptions from the Cave Ḥoq on Suquṭrā (Yemen). Annali dell'Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, 64: 121-138. |
|Dridi 2002||Dridi, Hédi. Indiens et Orientaux dans une grotte de Suquṭrā. Journal Asiatique, 290/2002: 565-610. |
|Strauch 2012||Strauch, Ingo (ed.) 2012. Foreign Sailors on Socotra. The Inscriptions and Drawings from Cave Hoq. (Vergleichende Studien zu Antike und Orient). Bremen: Ute Hempen Verlag. |