digital archive for the study of pre-islamic arabian inscriptions

Editor: Jérémie Schiettecatte


Ancient nameQrytm ḏt-Khlm
CountrySaudi Arabia
Geographical areaWādī al-Dawasir
GovernorateRiyadh Province
CoordinatesLatitude: 19° 47' "    Longitude: 45° 9' "    
Coordinates accuracycertain
Type of siteSettlement
TribeTribe: Kdt
Tribe: Kdt w-Qḥṭn
Tribe: Qḥṭn ; Qḥṭnyn (nisba)
Tribe: Qḥṭn w-Mḏḥg
Lineage: ʾḥnkn ; ʾḥnkt (nisba)
Lineage: ʾlʾ[.]
Lineage: Dbr
Lineage: Ġlwnyn (nisba)
Lineage: Mlḥm
Lineage: Mrn
Lineage: Myṯy (nisba)
Lineage: Tymmnwt
Deitiesʾlʾlt Mʿnm
ʿṯr ʾs²rq
ʿṯtr bʿl Ḥdṯ
ʿṯtr ḏ-Qbḍ
ʿṯtr ḏ-Yhrq
Nkrḥ S²ymn
Wdm S²hrn
StructuresDwelling (indeterminate)
Dwelling (concentrated)
Market place
Light hydraulic structure (ex. canal, well)
Wells, cisterns
Plot of cultivated land
Building with political function
Small temple
Rock inscriptions
LanguageSabaic, Minaic


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near ʿyn Qarya (Unknown)


Epigraphs in CSAI
Objects in CSAI


al-Anṣārī 1982al-Anṣārī, ʿAbdul Rahman T. 1982. Qaryat al-Fau. A Portrait of Pre-Islamic Civilisation in Saudi Arabia. London: Croom Helm / New York: St. Martin's press.
al-Anṣārī 2010al-Anṣārī, ʿAbdul Rahman T. 2010. Qaryat al-Fâw. Pages 310-363 in Alī I. Al-Ghabbān, Béatrice André-Salvini, Françoise Demange, Carine Juvin and Marianne Cotty (eds). Routes d'Arabie. Archéologie et histoire du royaume d'Arabie Saoudite. Catalogue Exposition Louvre Museum (14 juillet - 27 septembre 2010). Paris: Somogy.
Beeston 1976 b: 6Beeston, Alfred F.L. 1976. Warfare in ancient South Arabian (2nd.-3rd. centuries A.D.). Qahtan. Studies in Old Arabian Epigraphy. 3. London: Luzac and Co.
Bukharin 2009Bukharin, Michael D. 2009. Towards the earliest history of Kinda. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy, 20: 64–80.
Al-Ghazzi 2006Al-Ghazzi, Abdulaziz Saud J. 2006. Kindah Kingdom at the Centre of the Arabia. (Dararat King Abdulaziz, 11).
Al-Jallad 2014al-Jallad, Ahmad 2014. On the genetic background of the Rbbl bn Hfʿm grave inscription at Qaryat al-Fāw. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 77/3: 445–465. 2016/09/09; http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0041977X14000524.
Masry 1977: 14Masry, Abdullah Hasan 1977. The Historic Legacy of Saudi Arabia. Atlal. Journal of Saudi Arabian Archaeology, 1: 9-19.
Mouton 1997 bMouton, Michel 1997. Les tours funéraires d’Arabie, Nefesh monumentales. Syria, 74: 81-98.
Overlaet and Haerinck 2014Overlaet, Bruno and Haerinck, Ernie 2014. Monumental Tombs along the Arabian Caravan Routes. Pages 205-2014 in Eric Gubel. From Gilead to Edom. Studies in the Archaeology and History of Jordan in Honor of Denyse Homès-Fredericq on the Occasion of Her Eightieth Birthday. Ed. by Ingrid Moriah Swinnen. (Akkadica Supplementum, 12). Brussels: Assyriological Center Georges Dossin.
Philby 1949: 90-93Philby, Harry St John B. 1949. Two notes from Central Arabia. The Geographical Journal, 113/Jan.-Jun.: 86–93.
Robin 1988Robin, Christian J. 1988. Two inscriptions from Qaryat al-Faw mentioning Women. Pages 168–176 in Araby the Blest, Studies in Arabian Archaeology. Copenhague: Museum Tusculanum Press.
Robin 1991-1993 iRobin, Christian J. 1991-1993 [1992]. Cités, royaumes et empires de l'Arabie avant l'Islam. Pages 45-54 in Christian J. Robin (ed.). L'Arabie antique de Karibʾîl à Mahomet. Nouvelles données sur l'histoire des Arabes grâces aux inscriptions. (Revue du Monde Musulman et de la Mediterranée, 61). Aix-en-Provence: Édisud.
Robin 1991-1993 hRobin, Christian J. 1991-1993 [1992]. Les plus anciens monuments de la langue arabe. Pages 113-125 in Christian J. Robin (ed.). L'Arabie antique de Karibʾîl à Mahomet. Nouvelles données sur l'histoire des Arabes grâces aux inscriptions. (Revue du Monde Musulman et de la Mediterranée, 61). Aix-en-Provence: Édisud.
al-Sheiba 1987: 47al-Sheiba, Abdullah Hassan 1987. Die Ortsnamen in den altsüdarabischen Inschriften (mit dem Versuch ihrer Identifizierung und lokalisierung). Archäologische Berichte aus dem Yemen, 4: 1-62.
Vidal 1965Vidal, F. S. 1965. Fāʾw in B. Lewis, Ch. Pellat and J. Schacht (eds). Encyclopaedia of Islam/Encyclopédie de l'Islam. Volume II (C-G). (2nd edition). Leiden: Brill.
Wissmann 1964 aWissmann, Hermann von 1964. Zur Geschichte und Landeskunde von Alt-Südarabien. Sammlung Eduard Glaser. 3. (Sitzungsberichte der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 246). Vienna: Böhlaus.
Zarins et al. 1978: 27, 31, 36Zarins, Juris, Ibrahim, Moawiyah, Potts, Daniel T. and Edens, Christopher 1978. Saudi Arabian Archaeological Reconnaissance 1978. The Preliminary Report on the Third Phase of the Comprehensive Archaeological Survey Program - The Central Province. Atlal. Journal of Saudi Arabian Archaeology, 3: 9-42.