Editor: Jérémie Schiettecatte
|Coordinates||Latitude: 14° 26' 23.6" Longitude: 44° 35' 49.52"|
|Type of site||Hydraulic structure|
|Structures||Large hydraulic structure (ex. dam)|
|Location and toponomy||The site of al-Kawla is located halfway between Dhamâr and Radâʿ, on the southern border of the asphalted road, close to Ihla, 5 km north of Hakir. |
Coordinates of the ancient dam: N14,43971° E44,59714°
Coordinates of the village: N 14,4466° E44,5955°
The site is alternatively called al-Kawla, Sadd al-Kawla, maʾjil Kubâs al-Kawla, Ḥayd Maḥaqir.
|History of research||Late 1990s: the site was recorded within the Dhamar Survey Project (dir. T. Wilkinson) under n° DSF 28.|
2004: visit and localisation of the site by the French Archaeological Mission Qatabân (dir. Ch. Robin)
Late 2000s: the site was visited by Kh. Numan who found several South Arabian inscriptions (Numan 2012).
|General description||The site includes a dam located at an altitude of 2269 m. It is formed by a wall 5 m thick that crosses the course of the wâdî for 142 m.|
Some rock inscriptions have been found by Kh. Numan (2012) close to the village of al-Kawla, in the north piedmont plain of Ḥayd Maḥaqir. Numan mentions 17 rock inscriptions consecrated to the deity ʾs¹ʾy and Hyfʿm incised by some members of the Yhbs²r tribe.
|Chronology||According to the palaeography, the inscriptions are dated from the 1st to the 3rd centuries AD.|
|south of Hakir (Hkrm)|
|Breton, Robin and Audouin 1981: 39-40||Breton, Jean-François, Robin, Christian J. and Audouin, Rémy 1981. Nord-Yémen: un patrimoine menacé. Archéologia, 160/Novembre: 36-43. |
|Lewis, Krista 2005 a: 197||Lewis, Krista 2005. Space and the spice of life: food, politics, and landscape in Ancient Yemen. (PhD, University of Chicago). [Unpublished]|
|Noman 2012: 15, 100-102, 149-150||Noman, Khaldon 2012. A Study of south Arabian Inscriptions from the region of Dhamār (Yemen). (PhD, Università di Pisa). 2016/05/10; https://etd.adm.unipi.it/theses/available/etd-08112012-151251/. |