DASI

digital archive for the study of pre-islamic arabian inscriptions

Editor: Jérémie Schiettecatte


SITE INFORMATION

Ancient nameBynn
CountryYemen
Geographical areaKhawlân
GovernorateDhamār
KingdomHimyar
CoordinatesLatitude: 14° 46' "    Longitude: 44° 39' "    
Coordinates accuracycertain
Type of siteSettlement
TribeTribes: Qtbyn (nisba)
Tribe: S¹bʾyn (nisba)
Tribe: S²ddm
Tribe: S²ddm Yhqbḍ
Tribe: Yhbs²r
Tribe: ʾbs²rn (nisba)
Lineage: ʾʿyn
Lineage: ʿbdm
Lineage: ʿqrtm
Lineage: ʿrm
Lineage: Dhs¹m
Lineage: Ḏrḥn
Lineage: Khnl
Lineage: Ns¹rm
Lineage: Qdrn
Lineage: S¹lyt
Lineage: S¹mhs¹mʿ
Lineage: Ws²ḥt
Lineage: Yfrʿ
Lineage: Ẓwrn
Deitiesʾnby
ʾnby S²ymn
ʿm
ʿṯtr ḏ-Ḏbn
ʿṯtr ḏ-ʾlmm
ʿṯtr ḏ-S¹lmn
ʿṯtr ḏ-Ṣhr Ys¹r
ʿṯtr ḏ-Ẓhr Ys¹r
ʿm Ryʿn
ʿṯtr S²rqn
Bʿl-Fqḥnm
ḏt-Bʿdn
ḏt-Ḥmym
Ḥwkm
S²ms¹
Ṣnʿn
Wd
StructuresDwelling (indeterminate)
Dwelling (concentrated)
Light hydraulic structure (ex. canal, well)
Large hydraulic structure (ex. dam)
Wells, cisterns
Terrace cultivation
Building with political function
Rampart
Small temple
Rock inscriptions
LanguageSabaic
Classical sourcesClaudius Ptolemy, Geogr. 6.7.41 (2nd cent. AD): Βαινούν

MAP

Your browser doesn't support Google Maps or Javascript is turned off.

RELATED SITES

south of Numāra (Unknown)
south of Ṣarm al-Fuqahaʾ (Unknown)
north of Tannin (Tlnn)

RELATED MATERIAL

Epigraphs in CSAI
Objects in CSAI

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Avanzini 2009 aAvanzini, Alessandra (ed.) 2009. Art and technique in Yemen. The bronzes from the Museum of Baynun. [Pontedera]: MBVision.
Avanzini 2013Avanzini, Alessandra 2013. Inscriptions from museums in the region of Dhamār: Qatabanians in Baynūn and the goddess Athirat (ʾṯrtn). Pages 27-36 in Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet, Catherine Fauveaud and Iwona Gajda (eds). Entre Carthage et l’Arabie heureuse. Mélanges offerts à François Bron. (Orient & Méditerranée, 12). Paris: de Boccard.
Betti 2012Betti, Fabio 2012. Manici bronzei di tradizione ellenistica al Museo di Baynūn. La Parola del Passato, 67/1: 62-70.
Brunner 1999 a: 203Brunner, Ueli 1999. Die Königsstadt Hajar Yahirr. Pages 198-204 in Werner Daum, Walter W. Müller, Norbert Nebes and Walter Raunig (eds). Im Land der Königin von Saba. Kunstschätze aus dem antiken Jemen. 7. Juli 1999-9. Januar 2000. Staatlichen Museum für Völkerkunde München. Germering: I.P. Verlagsgesellschaft / Munich: I.P. Verlagsgesellschaft.
al-Garoo 1986: 233-235al-Garoo, Asmahan 1986. Les antiquités du Yémen dans l'œuvre de al-Hamdânī. (PhD, Université Paris I).
al-Ḥiwālī 1967 a: 97-98, 161, 391al-Ḥiwālī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Akwaʿ 1967. Kitāb al-Iklīl li-lisān al-Yaman Abī Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn Yaʿqūb al-Hamdānī, al-ǧuz' al-ṯānī. Cairo.
al-Ḥiwālī 1967 b: 110-114al-Ḥiwālī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Akwaʿ 1967. Kitāb al-Iklīl li-lisān al-Yaman Abī Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn Yaʿqūb al-Hamdānī, al-ǧuzʾ al-ṯāmin. Cairo.
al-Ḥiwālī 1977: 497al-Ḥiwālī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Akwaʿ 1977. Kitāb al-Iklīl li-lisān al-yaman Abī Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn Yaʿqūb al-Hamdānī, al-juz' al-awwal. Cairo.
al-Ḥiwālī 1974: 224, 344-345, 365al-Ḥiwālī, Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī al-Akwaʿ 1974. Ṣifa ǧazirat al-ʿArab, taʾlīf Lisān al-Yaman al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad al-Hamdānī. Riyāḍ: Manšūrāt Dār al-Yamāma li-l-baḥṯ wa-l-taraǧama wa-l-našr.
de Maigret 2002: 272de Maigret, Alessandro 2002. Arabia Felix. An exploration of the Archaeological history of Yemen. London: Stacey International.
Müller, Walter W. 1973 b: 159Müller, Walter W. 1973. Ergebnisse der Deutschen Jemen-Expedition 1970. Archiv für Orientforschung, 24: 150-161.
Noman 2012: 15-16, 77-79, 140-141, 241-242, 275-276Noman, Khaldon 2012. A Study of south Arabian Inscriptions from the region of Dhamār (Yemen). (PhD, Università di Pisa). 2016/05/10; https://etd.adm.unipi.it/theses/available/etd-08112012-151251/.
Pirenne 1987Pirenne, Jacqueline 1987. Documents inédites de Baynūn. Pages 99-112 in Christian J. Robin and Muḥammad ʿA. Bāfaqīh (eds). Ṣayhadica. Recherches sur les inscriptions de l'Arabie préislamique offertes par ses collègues au professeur A.F. L. Beeston. (Arabie préislamique, 1). Paris: Librairie orientaliste Paul Geuthner.
Prioletta 2013 aPrioletta, Alessia 2013. Inscriptions from the southern highlands of Yemen. The epigraphic collections of the museums of Baynūn and Dhamār. (Arabia Antica, 8). Roma: L'«Erma» di Bretschneider.
Radt 1971: 282-289Radt, Wolfgang 1971. Bericht über eine Forschungsreise in die Arabische Republik Jemen. Archäologischer Anzeiger: 253-293.
Schiettecatte 2011: 269Schiettecatte, Jérémie 2011. D'Aden à Zafar. Villes d'Arabie du Sud préislamique. (Orient et Méditerranée, 6). Paris: de Boccard.
al-Sheiba 1987: 18al-Sheiba, Abdullah Hassan 1987. Die Ortsnamen in den altsüdarabischen Inschriften (mit dem Versuch ihrer Identifizierung und lokalisierung). Archäologische Berichte aus dem Yemen, 4: 1-62.
Sprenger 1875: 67, 254Sprenger, Aloys 1875. Die Alte Geographie Arabiens als Grundlage der Entwicklungsgeschichte des Semitismus. Bern: Commissionsverlag von Huber & Comp.
Vogt 2004: 74-76Vogt, Burkhard 2004. Grundzüge der antiken südarabischen Bewässerungslandwirtschaft. Beiträge zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Archäologie, 24: 68–104.
Wendrich, Barnard and Bridgmen 1999Wendrich, Willelmina, Barnard, Hans and Bridgman, R. M. 1999. Report of the Baynun Mapping Project, Yemen, 1998. (CNWS publications, 80). Leiden: CNWS Research School.