CSAI

Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions


Ṭaīrān 2006: 7-26 (photos)

INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient South Arabian » Minaic » Central Minaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Chronology
PeriodA
Textual typologyDedicatory text

TEXT


   1  Ḥmw→d bn Ḥys¹n ḏ-Ḥ(ḏ)mr ʾb ʾb→krb w-Ḥywm w-Mrdm | → [...] ḏ-ʾhl Ḫs²s²m s³lʾ Mtb(n)→(ṭyn) mṣ—
   2  rbn b-ʾrṯt w-ḏbḥ ṯny trdy b-f→rʿ frʿ-s¹ b-ywm ʾlkbr ʾ→mr w-Ys²hrmlk Nbṭ |

Apparatus
1The presence of a lacuna at the beginning of the fourth side is not sure. According to the editor, it corresponds to an empty space in the text, like the one at the end of the third side.

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  Ḥmwd, son of Ḥys¹n ḏ-Ḥḏmr, father of ʾbkrb and Ḥywm and Mrdm [... ...] of the clan Ḫs²s²m, dedicated to Mtbnṭyn the altar
   2  in ʾrṯt and made a sacrifice of two "trd", as a tribute he had to pay, at the time of ʾlkbr ʾmr and Ys²hrmlk Nbṭ.
2Tairan suggests that the word trdy refers to an ibex game.

OBJECT INFORMATION

Support typeArtefact » Altar (mṣrb)
ShapeSquared
MaterialStone
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Origin
Modern siteKharibat Hamdān
Ancient siteHrm
Geographical areaJawf - Wādī Madhab
CountryYemen
Link to site record

CULTURAL NOTES

The dedication to the Haramite god Mtbnṭyn and the mention of the kings ʾlkbr ʾmr and Ys²hrmlk Nbṭ show that this text dates back to a period of independence of Haram. The palaeographical style suggest a dating to the end of period A or beginning of period B.
This text shows that the Banāt ʿAd sanctuary in Haram, which was originally called Hdnn (Haram 3 and 4), did not change name in ʾrṯt when it was consecrated to Ḥalfan towards the end of the I millennium BC, but earlier, when it was still devoted to the cult of Mtbnṭyn.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ṭaīrān 2006: 7-26 (photos)Taīrān, Sālim A. 2006. A New Minaean Inscription from Haram: a Study of its Linguistic, Religious, and civilization Significance. Adūmātū, 1: 7-26. [Arabic]