CSAI

Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions


Robin 1994 d: 249, fig. 3
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INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient South Arabian » Sabaic » Central Middle Sabaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Measure of letters3.5
Chronology
PeriodB. Conjectural
Textual typologyLegal text

GENERAL NOTES

The text is engraved on the opposite side of the pillar on which is engraved CIH 376.

TEXT


   1  w-hmẓʾ w-ṣdq ʾbkrb bn Yqd(m)—
   2  ʾl bn ʿnnn l-ʾly s¹t ʾqyn Ṣrwḥ (ʾ)—
   3  [r]bʿ mʾn blṭm nʿmtm /400/ blṭ |
   4  fdy Ns²ʾkrb ḏ-Ḥbb ʾqyn Ṣrwḥ|
   5  bn s¹ʾl b-ʿly ʾbh-hw w-ʿhdy ʾlt
   6  blṭn b-mḥlym w-tʿlm ʾbkrb b-ʾlt
   7  blṭn ʾrbʿn mʾnhn l-Ns²ʾkrb bʾdm
   8  w-nfqm w-s²ṣṣm kl ẓhr w-ʿlmy b-hw s¹tʿ—
   9  lm b-ʾlt blṭn ʾrbʿn mʾnhn bn ʿly ʾ—
  10  bkrb w-wld-hw ʾhnn ʿkr w-l yyfʿ—
  11  n bn byt ḏ-Ḥbb w-ʾqyn Ṣrwḥ w-nkrm w-
  12  kwn ḏn mṣdqn b-kn tws¹yw b-ḏ Ns¹wr
  13  qdmn gyl ḫrf Yṯʿm bn Ḥzfrm ḏ-Rf—
  14  (d)n ṯkmtn w-hmṯl ḏn mṣdqn bn mṣ—
  15  dq b-hw tʿlm ḏ-Ḥbb w-Hlkʾmr bn S²—
  16  hrʿly w-Lḥyʿṯt bn Krdn w-Tbʿkr—
  17  b bn ʿnnn ḏ-Ḏrʾn w-Ns²ʾkrb bn Drʿn

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  ʾbkrb son of Yqdmʾl,
   2  of the family ʿnnn, properly paid to those having the same authority of the ʾqyn of Ṣrwḥ:
   3  four hundred coins with full value, 400 coins.
   4  He redeemed Ns²ʾkrb, of the family Ḥbb, ʾqyn of Ṣrwḥ,
   5  from the financial demand upon his ancestors. Both of them have agreed on those
   6  coins in good quality and ʾbkrb authenticated, regarding those
   7  four hundred coins to Ns²ʾkrb, in a public
   8  effective, operative way all documents and both of them made acknowledgement
   9  to acknowledge the payment of those four hundred coins from
  10  ʾbkrb and his children. Whenever an opposition was raised, this document will be made known
  11  to the family Ḥbb and the ʾqyn of Ṣrwḥ or any foreigner.
  12  This document was (inscribed) when they gave mutual support in the month Ns¹wr,
  13  during the first period of the first year (of the eponymate) of Ytʿm, son of Ḥzfrm
  14  of the family Rfdn. And this document was copied from
  15  the (original) document which was authenticated by the family Ḥbb and Hlkʾmr, son of
  16  S²hrʿly, and Lḥyʿṯt, of the family Krdn, and Tbʿkrb,
  17  of the family ʿnnn ḏ- Ḏrʾn, and Ns²ʾkrb, of the family Drʿn.
2The translation of l-ʾly s¹t ʾqyn follows Beeston 1976 a.
11-12Translation by Nebes 1995 a.
Beeston 1976 a: 409-410Beeston, Alfred F.L. 1976. Notes on Old South Arabian lexicography X. Le Muséon, 89: 407-423.
Nebes 1995 a: 219Nebes, Norbert 1995. Die Konstruktionen mit /fa-/ im Altsüdarabischen. Syntaktische und epigraphische Untersuchungen. (Veröffentlichungen der Orientalischen Kommission, 40). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

OBJECT INFORMATION

Support typeInscription on architectural structure » Pillar
MaterialStone
Measuresof the inscription: h. 129, w. 38
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Origin and provenance
Modern siteṢirwāḥ-Khawlān
Ancient siteṢrwḥ
Geographical areaṢirwāḥ
CountryYemen
Archaeological context: The pillar was found lying down north of a modern building west of the temple (Jamme 1976: 82).
Link to site record

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Höfner 1973: 29-35, pl. XI, figs 1-2Höfner, Maria 1973. Inschriften aus Ṣirwāḥ, Ḫaulān. (I Teil). Sammlung Eduard Glaser. 8. (Sitzungsberichte der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 291/1). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Höfner 1976: 39-40, pl. V, figs 1-2Höfner, Maria 1976. Inschriften aus Ṣirwāḥ, Ḫaulān. (II Teil). Sammlung Eduard Glaser. 12. (Sitzungsberichte der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 304/5). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Jamme 1976: 87-94Jamme, Albert W.F. 1976. Carnegie Museum 1974-75 Yemen Expedition. (Special Publication, 2). Pittsburgh: Carnegie Museum of Natural History.
Wissmann 1982: 81-82Wissmann, Hermann von 1982. Die Geschichte von Sabaʾ II. Das Grossreich der Sabäer bis zu seinem Ende im frühen 4. Jh. v. Chr. (Sitzungsberichte der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophischhistorische Klasse, 402). Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. [Walter W. Müller (ed.)]
Robin 1994 d: 249, fig. 3Robin, Christian J. 1994. À propos d'une nouvelle inscription du règne de Shaʿrum Awtar, un réexamen de l'éponymat sabéen à l'époque des rois de Sabaʾ et de dhū-Raydān. Pages 230-249 in Norbert Nebes. Arabia Felix. Beiträge zur Sprache und Kultur des vorislamischen Arabien. Festschrift Walter W. Müller zum 60. Geburtstag. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.