CSAI

Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions


By kind permission of British Museum

INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient South Arabian » Sabaic » Central Middle Sabaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueCast
Chronology
PeriodD
Textual typologyDedicatory text

GENERAL NOTES

According to Robin Ẓafār is not the capital of Ḥimyār, but another village on the plateau.

TEXT


   1  Whb{|}tʾlb bn
   2  Ḥṣmn Yrs¹myn ʿbd
   3  bny S¹ḫmn hqny s²—
   4  ym-hmw Tʾlb Rymm ym—
   5  nn ʿdy qyf-hw ḏ-Qbrt
   6  b-hgrn Ẓfr l-wfy-hmw

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  Whbtʾlb, son of
   2  Ḥṣmn, the Yrs¹myn, subject
   3  of the family S¹ḫmn, dedicated to their
   4  patron Tʾlb Rymn the right
   5  hand in His stela shrine ḏ-Qbrt
   6  in the city of Ẓfr, for their well-being.
5like Robin, we could translate "near the stela", but qyf could be referred to a building;ʿdy should be translated "in" rather than "alongside". There is an example of such a meaning of qyf in CIH 19, 5-6, a dedication of a statue to the god Tʾlb: b-qyf-hw ḏ-Hfrʿ b-hgrn Mryb.

OBJECT INFORMATION

DepositLondon, The British Museum, BM 139443=1983,0626.2
Support typeArtefact » Sculpture in the round » Part of human body
MaterialBronze
Measuresh. 19.7, w. 11, th. 4, wt. 979.70 g
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Provenance
Modern siteṢanʿāʾ (from the region of)
Ancient siteṢnʿw
Geographical areaSanʿāʾ
CountryYemen
Link to site record
Origin
Modern siteẒafār dhī-Bīn
Ancient siteẒfr
Geographical areadhī-Bīn
CountryYemen
Archaeological contextReligious context: Temple of Tʾlb Rymm, ḏ-Qbrt
Link to site record

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Robin 1985: 315-319, pls V-VIRobin, Christian J. 1985. L'offrande d'une main en Arabie pré-islamique. Essai d'interprétation. Pages 307-320 in Christian J. Robin (ed.). Mélanges linguistiques offerts à Maxime Rodinson par ses élèves, ses collègues et ses amis. (Comptes rendus du Groupe linguistique d'études chamito-sémitiques. Supplément, 12). Paris: Librairie orientaliste Paul Geuthner.
Simpson 2002: 173, cat. 221Simpson, St John (ed.) 2002. Queen of Sheba. Treasures from the ancient Yemen. London: British Museum Press. [Catalogue of an exhibition held at the British Museum, London]
Jändl 2009: 51-52, 162-163Jändl, Barbara 2009. Altsüdarabische Inschriften auf Metall. (Epigraphische Forschungen auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, 4). Tübingen: Wasmuth / Berlin: Wasmuth.