Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions

Bernand, Drewes and Schneider 1991: ii, pl. 3/5
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LanguageAncient South Arabian » Sabaic » Ethiopian Early Sabaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Script cursusBoustrophedon
Writing techniqueIncision
Measure of letters8
Textual typologyConstruction text - fragmentary
Royal inscriptionYes


The inscriptions RIÉ 5 A and RIÉ 5 B are edited as a single inscription (Bernand et alii 1991) with the label RIÉ 5, but the palaeography of the two texts seems too different to accept without problem this hypothesis.


   1  Lmn mlkn ṣrʿn Ygʿḏyn mkrb Dʿmt w-S¹bʾ bn Rb—
   2  ḥ (m)[lk](n) ḥyww w-hḥds¹w mḏqnt ʾw(s¹)n byt-mw ywm [... ...]

1The term Ygʿḏyn is attested in the inscriptions RIÉ 8 and RIÉ 10 (Bernand et alli 1991: 76-80; see also Caquot and Drewes 1955: 30).



   1  Lmn, the victorious king, he of Ygʿḏ, mukarrrib of Dʿmt and Sabaʾ, son of
   2  the king Rbḥ, restored and renewed the chapel of the idols of their house, when [... ...]
2ḥyww and hḥds¹w are pluralis maiestatis. Schneider suggests for the verb ḥyw that it is an intensive form II with the meaning of "to restore" (Schneider 1961: 63). For hḥds¹w see the commentary of inscription Addi Akaweh 1.
-mw is a suffixed pronoun that corresponds to -hmw (Robin and de Maigret 1998: 785).
ʾws¹n (<WṮN) is attested only in this inscription.
Schneider 1961: 63Schneider, Roger 1961. Les inscriptions d'Enda Čerqos. Annales d'Ethiopie, 4: 61-66.
Robin and de Maigret 1998: 785Robin, Christian J. and de Maigret, Alessandro 1998. Le Grand Temple de Yéha (Tigray, Éthiopie), après la première campagne de fouilles de la Mission française (1998). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, 142: 737-798.


DepositAddis Abeba, National Archaeological Museum, JE 1384
Support typeStone inscription
Measuresh. 20, w. 120, th. 40
Link to object record


Modern siteEnda Tcherqos
Ancient siteUnknown
Geographical areaAksum
FoundReemployed. In modern times
NotesThe inscription was found reemployed in the wall of a church.
Link to site record


Caquot and Drewes 1955: 30Caquot, André and Drewes, Abraham J. 1955. Les monuments recueillis à Maqallé (Tigré). Annales d'Ethiopie, 1: 17-41.
Schneider 1961: 62-63, pl. XXIVSchneider, Roger 1961. Les inscriptions d'Enda Čerqos. Annales d'Ethiopie, 4: 61-66.
Jamme 1964: 348-349Jamme, Albert W.F. 1964. Annales d'Ethiopie (Rewiew of). Bibliotheca Orientalis, 21: 346-349.
Schneider 1965 b: 221-222Schneider, Roger 1965. Remarques sur les inscriptions d'Enda Čerqos. Annales d'Ethiopie, 6: 221-222.
Schneider 1973: 387-388Schneider, Roger 1973. Deux inscriptions Sudarabiques du Tigré. Bibliotheca Orientalis, 30: 385-389.
Wissmann 1975 a: 94-97Wissmann, Hermann von 1975. Über die frühe Geschichte Arabiens und das Entstehen des Sabäerreiches. (Die Geschichte von Sabaʾ 1). Sammlung Eduard Glaser. 13. (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse Sitzungsberichte, 301/5). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Wissmann 1976 b: 43Wissmann, Hermann von 1976. Die Mauer der Sabäerhauptstadt Maryab. Abessinien als sabäische Staatskolonie im 6. Jh. v. Chr. (Uitgaven van het Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul, 38). [Leiden]: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut / Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut.
Bernand, Drewes and Schneider 1991: 72-73, pl. 3/5Bernand, Etienne, Drewes, Abraham J. and Schneider, Roger 1991. Recueil des inscriptions de l'Éthiopie des périodes pré-axoumite et axoumite. Introduction de Francis Anfray. Paris: de Boccard. [Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres]