Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions

CIAS: i, 193


LanguageAncient South Arabian » Ḥaḍramitic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Textual typologyDedicatory text


   1  Hs²mr bn Hḥyʿs³(t)
   2  s¹qny S¹yn ḏ-Ws¹ṭhn
   3  ms³ndhn ḏ-s²ft-s¹ ʿ(l)—
   4  hy bhl s²tʿr w-(ft)—
   5  qd w-(h)-(y)nḫʾ b-ms³(nd)—
   6  h(n) b-ʿbr ḏt s¹tʾ(l)
   7  b-S¹yn (h)-(y)s¹s²ʾm Ġ[.]—
   8  bm tḥ(t)-n ʾrḫ-s¹ w-[ʿ]—
   9  qb-s³ [..](qn)[... ...]
  10  [... ...]

The letters ḫ are dextrograde.
2S¹yn ḏ-ʿs¹ṭhn (Höfner).
7-8The editors read (Ġl)bm, but it could also be Ġ(b)bm.



   1  Hs²mr son of Hḥyʿs³t
   2  dedicated to S¹yn ḏ-Ws¹ṭhn
   3  the inscription he had promised Him, according to
   4  the oracle he interpreted and
   5  sought for, and in order to confess through this inscription,
   6  because he requested
   7  on S¹yn's behalf to sell Ġ[.]bm
   8  under the authority of His order
   9  and as agent (?) of it [... ...]
  10  [... ...].
5Our translation of nḫʾ with "to confess" - which is an unicum in ASA - considers the verb as parallel to tnḫy/ntḫy found in Ancient South Arabian penitential texts. This interpretation remains, however, highly hypothetical.

   1  Hs²mr, Sohn des Hḥyʿs³t
   2  hat gewidmet dem S¹yn ḏ-ʿs¹ṭhn
   3  die(se) Inschrift, die er ihm gelobt hatte auf
   4  Grund des (Orakel-)Spruches, den er erfahren und ge-
   5  sucht hat, und damit er gelange durch die(se) In-
   6  schrift zu dem, was er erbeten hat
   7  von S¹yn (namlich): dass verkaufe Ġl-
   8  bm auf seine Weisung hin und als sein
   9  Stellvertreter (oder 'unter seiner Aufsicht' ?) ...
  10  ... ...
2-9"... dedicated this inscription which he had promised Him for the oracular declaration which he had received and sought; and may he attain, by means of this inscription, to that which he has asked of S¹yn, (namely) may He (the deity) grant success in his (the dedicant's) business/lawsuit and its outcome ..." (Beeston 1988).
9"... He asked S¹yn so that he should sell Ġlbm according to his agreement and at the price established for it" (Frantsouzoff 1998 b).
Höfner 1973Höfner, Maria 1973. Inschriften aus Ṣirwāḥ, Ḫaulān. (I Teil). Sammlung Eduard Glaser. 8. (Sitzungsberichte der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 291/1). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Beeston 1988Beeston, Alfred F.L. 1988. Miscellaneous Epigraphic Notes II. Raydān, 5: 5-31.
Frantsouzoff 1998 bFrantsouzoff, Serguei A. 1998. O vodopol'zovanii v drevnem Vnutrennem Hadramaute. Epigrafika Vostoka, 25: 130-151.


DepositAden, The National Museum, AM 245
Support typeArtefact » Stela » Stela with framework
Measuresh. 66, w. 42
Link to object record


Origin and provenance
Modern siteRaybūn
Ancient siteRybn [oasis]
Geographical areaCentral Ḥaḍramawt
Archaeological contextReligious context: Temple of S¹yn ḏ-Ws¹ṭhn
Link to site record


CIAS: i, 191-194, photoBeeston, Alfred F.L., Pirenne, Jacqueline and Robin, Christian J. 1977-1986. Corpus des inscriptions et antiquités sud-arabes:
Vol. I (1977): Tome 1. Inscriptions. Tome 2. Antiquités;
Vol. II (1986): Le Musée d’Aden. Tome 1. Inscriptions. Tome 2. Antiquités
. Louvain: Peeters. [Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres]
Beeston 1988: 15-16Beeston, Alfred F.L. 1988. Miscellaneous Epigraphic Notes II. Raydān, 5: 5-31.