CSAI

Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions


ʿAbdallāh 1979 a: 59, fig. 13
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INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient South Arabian » Sabaic » Southern Middle Sabaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Chronology
PeriodD
Date409 Ḥim
Textual typologyConstruction text - fragmentary

TEXT


   1  Mʿdkrb Yh[mgd ... ... b]ny Mʿhr w-ḏ-Ḫw—
   2  ln bn [... ...] bytynyh[n]
   3  Y[ḥḍ]r[ ... ...] w-Ḫwln ṣrw w-
   4  [... ... ]hs²fq w-s²ʾmyt-hm—
   5  [w ... ...] b-mwqrt hgr-hm—
   6  w Wʿln w-[.. ]mḥrt-hmw[ ... ...]mw w-ms¹qt-hmw w-mṯʿd
   7  [... ...]ṯ-hw w-[... ...] w-ʿrwn-hmw w-tbqlt-hm—
   8  [w ... ...] mrʾ-hmw ʿṯtr S²rqn w-ʾlʾlt-hmw ʿm ḏ-Mbrqm bʿl
   9  [ ... ...]w-ʿm ḏ-Dwnm bʿl ʿqbt Wʿln w-mnḍḥt byt-hmw
  10  [ḏt Bʿd]n w-Ẓhrn w-s²ms¹-hmw ʿlyt bʿlt S²ḥrrm w-b-mqm w-rdʾ
  11  mrʾ-hmw S²mr Yhrʿs² mlk S¹bʾ w-ḏ-Rydn w-Ḥḍrmwt w-Ymnt w-b-rdʾ
  12  w-ʾḫyl nẓr-hmw w-s²ʿb-hmw Rdmn w-Ḫwln wrḫ-hw ḏ-Mʿn ḏ-b-ḫrfn
  13  [ḏ]l-ts¹ʿt w-ʾrbʿ mʾtm

Apparatus
1Yhmgd integrated on YMN 14,2.
3Yḥḍr integrated on ʿAbadān 1, 33, Ja 695, 3, Ra 30, 1. etc.
11for Ymnt see Robin 2013: 131-133.
12for nẓr see Beeston 1981 c: 70.

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  Mʿdkrb Yhmgd [... ...] banū Mʿhr and ḏ-Ḫwln
   2  ibn [... ...] the two houses
   3  Yḥḍr [... ...] and Ḫwln cut and
   4  [... ...] satiated with rain their northern parts
   5  [... ...] with rock-boring their town
   6  Wʿln and their irrigation system [... ...] their irrigated land and territory
   7  [... ...] their wooded lands and their plantations
   8  [... ...] their Lord ʿṯtr S²rqn, their gods ʿm ḏ-Mbrqm, the Master of
   9  [... ...] and ʿm ḏ-Dwnm, the Master of the fortress of Wʿln and the protectory deities of their house
  10  ḏt Bʿdn, Ẓhrn and their solar deity ʿlyt, the Lady of S²ḥrrm and with the power and the help
  11  of their lord S²mr Yhrʿs², king of Sabaʾ, ḏu-Raydān, Ḥaḍramawt, Ymnt and with the help
  12  and the mights of their adherents and their tribe Rdmn and Ḫwln; the month ḏ-Mʿn in the year
  13  four hundred and nine.

OBJECT INFORMATION

Support typeRock inscription
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Origin and provenance
Modern siteal-Miʿsāl
Ancient siteWʿln
Geographical areaal-Bayḍāʾ
CountryYemen
FoundIn situ
Archaeological contextAgricultural irrigation context
Link to site record

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ʿAbdallāh 1979 a: 45-50 (photo p. 59)ʿAbdallāh, Yūsuf M. 1979. Mudawwana al-nuqūš al-yamaniyya al-qadīma. Dirāsāt Yamaniyya, 2: 47-75.
Müller, Walter W. 2010: 40Müller, Walter W. 2010. Sabäische Inschriften nach Ären datiert. Bibliographie, Texte und Glossar. (Veröffentlichungen der Orientalischen Kommission, 53). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
Beeston 1981 cBeeston, Alfred F.L. 1981. Notes on Old South Arabian Lexicography XII. Le Muséon, 94: 55-73.
Robin 2013Robin, Christian J. 2013. À propos de Ymnt et Ymn: « nord » et « sud », « droite » et « gauche », dans les inscriptions de l'Arabie antique. Pages 119-140 in Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet, Catherine Fauveaud and Iwona Gajda (eds). Entre Carthage et l’Arabie heureuse. Mélanges offerts à François Bron. (Orient & Méditerranée, 12). Paris: de Boccard.