CSAI

Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions


Avanzini 1985: pl. 34
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INSCRIPTION INFORMATION

LanguageAncient South Arabian » Sabaic » Central Middle Sabaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueIncision
Chronology
PeriodC
Textual typologyConstruction text

TEXT


   1  [... ...]ʾzb(r w)[...] bn-hmw Whbʾl w-ʾws¹ʾl bnw Whbʾ(l)[ ... ...]
   2  [... ... ](b)rʾ w-hs²qrn w-ḥẓyn byty-hmw Ḫmrn w-Kwkbn w-ms³wdn M[... ...]—
   3  [..]w w-mwrt-hw w-tbytt-hw w-kl ṣrḥt w-krf b-ḫlf fnw byt-hmw (b)-[... ... mr]—
   4  ʾ-hmw Ns²ʾkrb Yhʾmn bn Grt ʾqwl s²ʿbn Ḏmry w-b-ḫyl w-mqm ʿṯtr ʿ(z)[zm w-ḏt Ẓhr]—
   5  n bʿly ʿrn Knn w-b ʿṯtr w-S²ms¹m bʿly Kdt rbʿy ʾmrʾ-hmw bny[ ... ...]

TRANSLATIONS

English

   1  [... ...]ʾzbr and [...] their sons Whbʾl, ʾws¹ʾl of the family Whbʾl [ ... ...]
   2  [... ... ] constructed, completed and finished off their palaces Ḫmrn and Kwkbn and the hall M[... ...]
   3  [..] and its access ways, its plastering and all the upper rooms, and the cistern in front of their house, by [... ...]
   4  of their lord Ns²ʾkrb Yhʾmn descendant of Grt ʾqwl of the tribe Dhamarī, and by the authority and the power of ʿṯtr ʿzzm and ḏt Ẓhrn
   5  Masters of the mountain Knn, and by ʿṯtr and S²ms¹m Masters of Kdt, tutelary deity of their lords the family [ ... ...]

OBJECT INFORMATION

Support typeInscription on architectural structure
MaterialStone
Link to object record

ORIGIN AND PROVENANCE

Provenance
Modern siteNaʿḍ
Ancient siteNʿḍ
Geographical areaWaʿlān
CountryYemen
FoundReemployed. In modern times
Archaeological contextUrban context: Private house Ḫmrn w-Kwkbn
NotesInserted on a house wall. The left part is covered by plaster.
Link to site record

CULTURAL NOTES

Ns²ʾkrb Yhʾmn could be identified with the future king of Sabaʾ, son of Ḏmrʿly Ḏrḥ.
For a historical and cultural study of the tribe Dhamarī and its fractions of Samharum and Qashamum, see Robin 1987 c.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Avanzini 1985: 108-109, pl. 34Avanzini, Alessandra 1985. Problemi storici della regione di al-Ḥadāʾ nel periodo preislamico e nuove iscrizioni. Pages 53-115 in Pelio Fronzaroli (ed.). Studi Yemeniti. (Quaderni di semitistica, 14). Florence: Istituto di linguistica e di lingue orientali, Università di Firenze.
Robin 1987 cRobin, Christian J. 1987. L'inscription Ir 40 de Bayt Ḍabʿân et la tribu Ḏmry. Appendice: Les inscriptions Gl 1192, Gl 1197 et Gr 27. Pages 113-157 in Christian J. Robin and Muḥammad ʿA. Bāfaqīh (eds). Ṣayhadica. Recherches sur les inscriptions de l'Arabie préislamique offertes par ses collègues au professeur A.F. L. Beeston. (Arabie préislamique, 1). Paris: Librairie orientaliste Paul Geuthner.