Corpus of South Arabian Inscriptions

Müller, Walter W. 1976 a: pl. III
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LanguageAncient South Arabian » Sabaic » Late Sabaic
AlphabetAncient South Arabian
Script typologyMonumental writing
Writing techniqueRelief
Textual typologyConstruction text - fragmentary


The two fragments have been joined by Ryckmans, Jacques 1951 a: 221, note 1. According to Mordtmann and Mittwoch 1931: 3, note 1, the text is part of an inscription commemorating the construction of the Maʾrib dam, then implying a provenance of the text from this city. J. Ryckmans maintains an origin from Ḍāf, considering the passage at l.1, with the possible mention of Rḥbm, the basin of the Marib dam, and then parallel with the events mentioned in CIH 540, only as a quotation of the restoration works referred to in that text.


      [... ...]
   1  [... ... R]ḥbm((rḥbm)) bn [s¹fl-hw ... ...]
   2  [w-mʾ]t ʾmm w-b[... ...]±nḥ[... ...]
   3  [... ...](n) t-s¹n Mfl[lm ... ...]±m w-nʾ[t ... ...]
   4  [... ... hb]ḏl l-ḥkr[... ... ]±b-mʿqb-h[mw b-nṣr w-rdʾ w-mqm]
   5  [Rḥm]nn w-b-nṣr[ mrʾ-hmw S²rḥbʾl Yʿf]±r mlk [S¹bʾ w-ḏ-Rydn w-Ḥḍrmwt]
   6  [w-Ym]nt w-ʾʿr[b-hmw Ṭwdm w-Thmt ]±w-b-ḫyl [... ...]
   7  [ ... ...](t)m w-b-ḫl [... ...]
   8  k-l-brkn [... ...]

1Rḥbm can be interpreted as the name of the basin in the southern sluice of Maʾrib dam (Müller) or as a common word ("an Breite"). The integration is based on CIH 540, 10/23/64/72-73.
3ts¹n is explained by Müller as a verb (impf. fem. sg.); however, we prefer to read t-s¹n (t as feminine relative pronoun; see ḏ-s¹n in CIH 325, 1/4). Mfllm is rendered by J. Ryckmans as a technical term.
4according to Müller it could be possible to read l-Ḥkr[... ...] as a proper name.
6for Ymnt see Robin 2013: 131-133.



   1  [... ...] Rḥbm its lower part [... ...]
   2  [... ...] and one hundred cubits and [... ...]
   3  [... ...] near Mfllm [... ... ]
   4  [... ...] stuck for [... ...] with the help, support and strenght of
   5  Rḥmnn and with the help of his lord S²rḥbʾl Yʿfr, king of Sabaʾ, ḏu-Raydān, Ḥaḍramawt,
   6  Yamanat and their Arabs of Ṭwdm and of Thmt and with the strenght [... ...]
   7  [... ...] and with the strength [... ...]
   8  might He bless [... ...]
"(aufwendig) ausgeführt" or "gewähren"+ proper name (Müller).


DepositWien, Museum für Völkerkunde, 15300 (CIH 45)
Support typeStone inscription
Link to object record


Origin and provenance
Modern siteḌāf
Ancient siteḌfw
Geographical areaDhamār
Link to site record


Ryckmans, Jacques 1951 aRyckmans, Jacques 1951. L'institution monarchique en Arabie Méridionale avant l'Islam (Maʿîn et Saba). (Bibliothèque du Muséon, 28). Louvain: Publications universitaires.
Müller, Walter W. 1976 a: 59-62, pl. IIIMüller, Walter W. 1976. Neuinterpretation altsüdarabischer Inschriften: RES 4698, CIH 45+44, Fa 74. Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli, 36/1: 55-67.
Gajda 1997: 54-55Gajda, Iwona 1997. Ḥimyar gagné par le monothéisme (IVe-VIe siècle de l'ère chrétienne). Ambitions et ruine d'un royaume de l'Arabie méridionale antique. (Université d'Aix-en-Provence).
Robin 2013Robin, Christian J. 2013. À propos de Ymnt et Ymn: « nord » et « sud », « droite » et « gauche », dans les inscriptions de l'Arabie antique. Pages 119-140 in Françoise Briquel-Chatonnet, Catherine Fauveaud and Iwona Gajda (eds). Entre Carthage et l’Arabie heureuse. Mélanges offerts à François Bron. (Orient & Méditerranée, 12). Paris: de Boccard.